The Philippine weather
With the abundance of rainfall, high temperature and soaring relative humidity because of the sea evaporation surrounding the archipelago, the Philippines is typified as a tropical rainforest and has two seasons based on the amount of rainfall – wet or rainy and dry. The tropical cyclone in the Philippines is called “bagyo” and is categorized as tropical depressions, tropical storms, typhoons and super typhoons.
The locally known “habagat” or southwest monsoon occurs from May to October while “amihan” or northeast monsoon comes in between November to May. For most parts of the country, dry season during “amihan” and rainy season during “habagat”. Tourist mostly visit the Philippines on months of early January to early May as the first quarter of the year always offers the best climatic conditions.
When vacationing in the Philippines, take into account that the wet and dry season varies across the country as weather is dependent on the location. Be advised to check daily weather or season news from the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA which means “hope” in Filipino. It gives public warning and updates about the Philippines’ climate. It also provides weather forecast and information for life and property protection in times of prevailing and tough southwest monsoons.
The dry season in the Philippines could be subdivided into two: the cool season around December to February and the hot dry season around March to May. January and February are the least humid, thus the coolest months. The average temperature on these cool dry months is around 25 °C (77 °F). Warmest months would be from March to October, the average temperature of around 28 °C (82 °F). In the lowlands, the hottest months (usually in May) could reach up to 38°C along with its great humidity. If you’re traveling in May, escape the heat by visiting Baguio City as places in higher elevation, the average temperature is around 18 °C (64 °F). The months of April and May are the summertime which in most of the Northern Hemisphere’s four seasonal countries time for spring. The crisp dry season is freshened up by the sea breeze from November to January due to winter monsoon.
In the Philippines, typhoons during the peak rainy season in July to October go with torrential rains, massive ocean waves and high-velocity winds. Rainfall occurs differently all over the Philippines due to country’s topographic and geographic location. Most areas in Luzon and Visayas experience long rainy days compare to Mindanao regions. Bigger part of the Visayan Islands lacks long dry season especially in parts of the Bicol region, Southern Leyte and eastern Samar. These regions, however, tends to be drier when the rest of the Philippines tend to have heavy rainfall. Bohol, Negros and Cebu are protected from heavy monsoons due to its strategic location in the central part of Visayas. If you’re a surfer looking for higher and bigger waves in Bagasbas (Daet, Camarines Sur) or Siargao Island ( Surigao del Norte), head on these places during the height of the typhoon season from late July to late October.